Plaque is made up of invisible masses of harmful germs that live in the mouth and stick to the teeth. If it is not removed and is allowed to build up in your mouth, it can cause serious dental health problems. Some types of plaque cause tooth decay while other types cause gum disease. The first sign of gum disease is often puffy, red or bleeding gums. If gum disease is not properly treated, the tissues holding the teeth into place are destroyed eventually leading to tooth loss.
The best way to prevent the build up of plaque is to practice good oral hygiene at home. This involves brushing your teeth at least two times per day and flossing at least one time per day. When brushing your teeth, it is important not to drag the brush roughly across your gums as this can damage the tissues. Instead, make small circular motions. It is also important to brush your tongue and then rinse your mouth. This will remove food residues. Be sure to use a toothpaste that contains Fluoride as Fluoride helps to prevent tooth decay. Flossing your teeth will remove food particles and germs between your teeth.
In addition to practicing good daily oral hygiene, it is important to visit a dentist every six months for a professional dental cleaning and exam. A qualified dental hygienist can provide a more thorough cleaning using instruments that are specially made for removing plaque. For more information about plaque removal and preventing the build up of plaque, talk to a dentist in your local area.
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